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|Time||December 19-21, 2021|
National Exhibition and Convention Center (Shanghai, China)
MMU BAU Fenestration Co.,Ltd
Architecture and urban planning in the 21st century
In the next 25 years, architecture and urban planning creating space for future generations to live and work in will change more dramatically than it has in the past one and a half centuries. The future of our built environment will look completely different than we ever imagined. And it is going to differ greatly from what we are building today. Why is that? A completely other way of living and working, changes in mobility and the responsibility to prevent global warming will transform our behaviour and along with this, architecture and cities. Altogether, the shift in the way we live and work, demographic transition and climate challenges make us rethink the way we design our common build future.
Topic 1: Urban Design and Public Life
The corona crisis has made it clear that public life prevailingly takes place in public space. Parks and streets have been celebrated as the places where society meets, exercises, and recreates. However, the idea of urbanity and the city as a shared space is challenged by uncontrolled growth, loss of pedestrian and historical structures. To embrace public life, urban design of tourist spots, local neighbourhoods and infrastructures in metropolitan regions and megacities must consider parameters like inclusiveness, identity, and vitality. How can physical movement be made accessible for all citizens? Which new urban design strategies can foster more flexible neighbourhoods? How may existing usage patterns inform urban design? The session presents exemplary public space and public architecture projects.
Topic 2: From High Speed to High Quality: Architecture for the 21st Century
Since the 1980s China has been undergoing an urbanization process at a speed that has not been seen equally in world history. Meanwhile, the country’s economy has entered a new era transforming from high-speed growth to high-quality development. Along with this, consciousness of quality and durability in architecture shifts, too. Moreover, such individual, timeless designs keep and develop the existing, historic contexts of our cities supporting cultural distinctiveness and social cohesiveness.
Topic 3: Architecture for People
Urban planning undertaken at a very large scale responds to the challenge of rapidly growing cities. But building at maximal height risks that big dimensions start dominating the city, forgetting the people using the architecture. Collective projects in a human scale are rare. But today, a new attitude is growing in architecture. Buildings are downsized, barriers dissolved, spaces for social meetings and affordable housing is being built. Architects increasingly make use of regional materials like tiles, rocks, bamboo, timber and rammed earth. The innovative reinterpretation of traditional building structures responds to climate matters and resource scarcity. There are questions to be answered: How can a new people-oriented architecture be embedded in the XXL city? Which small-scale qualities do buildings need to relate to human beings and ensure quality of life? What threatens respectively supports such public value-oriented projects? The session will introduce a number of ground-breaking works using the human scale as a standard for architecture.
Topic 4: Architecture and Energy
China aims to achieve climate neutrality by 2060, the turning point in CO2 emissions will be reached before 2030. The construction sector plays a centric role in this goal. Buildings are responsible for more than a third of the global energy consumption. Behavioural adjustments, technological advancement and design considerations can play important roles in reducing energy demand. Urban form, for example the density degree, impacts energy efficiency, too. Renovating old buildings and urban spaces is a further ecological planning approach, which can at the same time contribute to memory and community. Does the duration of architecture extend beyond the life of a built structure? How radically must architecture and urban planning change?
Topic 5: Smart Public Buildings
In the 21st century, everyday objects, architecture and entire cities start thinking themselves. Smart buildings promise comfort, convenience and resource conservation. They aim to maximise productivity and efficiency as well as providing a comfortable user environment. Not just private offices, but also public institutions like kindergartens, schools and hospitals increasingly integrate digital tools. This omnipresence makes the question of the power of technology to produce a better world crucial. What are the possibilities and limitations of technology? Which are the challenges for realising a smart building regarding hardware and software, design and physical environment? How can digital technologies help to improve the user experience?